Penn Calendar Penn A-Z School of Arts and Sciences University of Pennsylvania


India at Cancun: The Dawn of a New Era

Varad Pande
Monday, January 3, 2011

At the recently concluded UN Climate Change Conference of Parties (COP-16) at Cancun, banners of civil society groups hopefully and expectantly urged “Cancun Can.” And it did; at the end of two weeks of exhausting discussions and negotiations, the world has taken a small but sure step towards a meaningful set of global agreements on climate change.

Organizational Forms in Flux: Cooperatives and Producer Companies

Vivek Bhandari
Monday, December 20, 2010

Sustained economic growth over the past decade has triggered dramatic changes in the way that Indian cities relate to villages, a relationship that is often described as a continuum.Whether associated with the aggressive expansion of private enterprise that sees great potential in rural markets, or the government’s burgeoning welfare schemes, or indeed, the policies shaped through “public-private partnerships,” the pressures associated with this churning are felt at many levels.This is especially true for those organizations working in rural areas that were est

India and Climate Change: If Actions Could Speak Louder Than Words

Narasimha Rao
Monday, December 6, 2010

As the next round of international negotiations over climate change commences in Cancun, Mexico, the Indian government finds itself on center stage. In the lead up, the Indian environment minister has stated that India would proffer a framework for monitoring emissions-reduction efforts, known as the International Consultation Analysis (ICA), and a mechanism for technology transfer.

Obama in India: Pakistan on the Mind

Bruce Riedel
Monday, October 25, 2010

Barack Hussein Obama is about to become the sixth American president to visit India and the third in a row. He is going in the first half of his first term; only Jimmy Carter and Richard Nixon did so before him. Presidential visits are carefully planned and scripted, but events invariably have a way of intruding onto the agenda and the stage. This Presidential visit takes place against the backdrop of America’s longest war ever in Afghanistan and a natural disaster in neighboring Pakistan where Obama has invested a huge effort in trying to stabilize a deeply wounded state.

Why the Rise of Regional Parties Isn’t So Bad

Adam Ziegfeld
Monday, October 11, 2010

Over the past fifteen years, the rise of regional political parties has been one of the most important trends in India’s electoral politics. Whereas, thirty years ago, these parties were marginal players on the national scene, today, they are fixtures in national-level governments. Most observers have greeted the rise of regional parties with suspicion; one source of concern is the belief that regional parties reflect narrow regional identities that threaten the integrity of the Indian state.

Regulating the Gentleman’s Game: Intelligence Reform in India

Menaka Guruswamy
Monday, September 27, 2010

In light of India’s 64th Independence Day, I am compelled to think about the idea of the country to which I am committed: a sovereign, secular, democratic republic, where what would separate independent India from the colonized nation would be the ethos of democratic constitutionalism; governance that would be according to procedure established by law, overseen by the people’s representatives in Parliament, adjudicated by an independent judiciary, and implemented by an accountable Executive.

Migration and India

Devesh Kapur
Monday, August 30, 2010

Paralleling the growth of India’s economy has been the concomitant increase in India’s global engagement. While this has been most manifest in the growth of trade and financial flows, the movement of people has also become more important. Since the 1830s, international migration from India under British rule comprised largely of unskilled workers from poorer socio-economic groups who went to other colonized countries. Between 1834 and 1937, nearly 30 million people left India and nearly four-fifths returned.

Testing India’s Lawyers

Madhav Khosla
Monday, August 16, 2010

Later this year, the Bar Council of India will introduce an ambitious measure that modifies the qualifications required to practice law in India. Law graduates will now be required to take an examination after graduating to complete their enrollment to the bar. An examination that tests legal knowledge is a common prerequisite for enrollment in several countries, and the measure aims at creating a minimum standard amongst graduating law students. While the measure’s primary target is lawyer quality, it should also indirectly serve to improve standards in legal education.

Will India Become a Caste Society if Caste is Counted?

K. Satyanarayana
Monday, August 2, 2010

Why is there so much opposition and anxiety among some sections of the Indian elite – particularly among its upper-caste intellectual class – on the question of enumeration of caste in the Census of India 2011? My answer is simple: India would legally become a caste society. The formal recognition of caste as a national category implies that the Indian state is going beyond the constitutional recognition of caste as a category to measure disability (i.e., untouchability, atrocity, and social backwardness).

Leading the Court

Nicholas Robinson
Sunday, July 18, 2010

Some sixty years after first opening its doors, India’s Supreme Court can be described as both powerful and sprawling. Its numerous benches dispatch dozens of decisions, dramatic and mundane alike, on an almost daily basis for most of the year. To cope with its ever-expanding size, caseload, and responsibilities, the power of the Court’s primary administrator – the Chief Justice – has expanded remarkably; indeed, today’s is a Chief Justice-dominant Supreme Court.