In 2018, India had 22 of the world’s 30 most air-polluted cities. Household sources of ambient air pollution, such as cooking and heating, are the single largest contributor in much of the developing world, including India. Air pollution levels within households that cook with solid fuels, such as wood and cow dung, can be high and skyrocket to 40 times greater than the safe limit prescribed by the WHO.
India in Transition
The COVID-19 crisis and the consequent lockdown have posed especially tough challenges for micro, small, and medium enterprises (MSMEs) in India, stemming from their limited financial resources. As a result, the Indian Government has announced several measures to help the country’s 63.4 million MSMEs due to their important place in the Indian economy—employing 110 million people and accounting for 29 percent of GDP. The largest initiative announced was the provision of Rs.
One of the most terrifying aspects of pathogens like the novel coronavirus is that they do not respect borders. Yet borders determine our vulnerability to infectious diseases. Today, governmental efforts have meant that citizens within certain national boundaries—like New Zealand or Vietnam—are much less likely to suffer from COVID-19.
As India struggles to flatten the COVID-19 curve, Muslims in India are fighting a spike in anti-Muslim hatred, a sentiment that has long since been there but has drastically intensified during the pandemic. Physical attacks on Muslims, the barring of their entry into colonies and villages, and exhortations not to do business with them have been reported all over the country.