About the Speaker:
Lisa Björkman is an Assistant Professor of Urban and Public Affairs at the University of Louisville. Her first book, Pipe Politics, Contested Waters: Embedded Infrastructures of Millennial Mumbai (Duke University Press, 2015), was awarded the American Institute of Indian Studies Joseph W. Elder Prize in the Indian Social Sciences. She is currently working on a book-length study of theatricality in Mumbai’s political life.
About the Lecture:
This lecture will discuss cash-compensated crowds that assembe for political gatherings—protest marches, road blocks, campaign rallies—in the Indian city of Mumbai. Popular and scholarly discourse tends to dismiss paid crowds as inauthentic, even fraudulent forms of political assembly. This research instead explores cash-compensated crowds as instances of political utterance and representation, probing the dueling moral registers by means of which the theatrical character of political life in Mumbai is evaluated: as either political theatre or political deceit. On some occasions, cash-compensated mass assembly are characterized as “meaningless” and as “only natak” (drama, theatre)—suggesting a normative understanding of what a “meaningful” political rally shouldbe. But in other contexts, we see that it is precisely its very theatrical quality that renders a rally compelling or convincing at all. Professor Björkman's talk will outline when—in what contexts—natak is evaluated as a compelling idiom of political utterance, communication, and representation, and when political theatre is described as "only natak"—a disdainful dismissal that suggests something is only theatrical when it ought not to be—or indeed is pretending not to be. Taking theatricality and performance seriously as an idiom of political speech and representation, the accounts suggest, may offer one way out of the impasses of post-truth political present where political communication tends to be either evaluated for its truth value or else dismissed as lies. Attending to explicitly theatrical dimensions of political life calls attention to a richer array of ideas and moral-evaluative frameworks.